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Public Opinion and Indonesia’s Independent and Active Foreign Policy Decision Making in Democratization Era (2004-2009)

Public Opinion and Indonesia’s Independent and Active Foreign Policy Decision Making
in Democratization Era (2004-2009)

by: Peni Hanggarini (z1627596)

Foreign policy is shaped by domestic and international factors. Rosenau argues that domestic politics functions as a significant variable in foreign policy decision making (FPDM).1 Since the domestic reformation and the transition to democracy in Indonesia in 1998, the question should be raised about whether the changing environment of domestic politics has affected foreign policy.

It is important to analyze this question, as democratization of domestic politics could trigger democratization of FPDM. However, there has been a lack of study on democratization of foreign policy, as most literature discusses domestic politics of democratization. Few studies on how domestic factors influence foreign policy exist; however, most of the studies analyze the output or outcome of foreign policy, not the process. Some of the studies are Page and Shapiro’s (1983) and Jacobs and Page’s works (2005), which focus on public opinion’s influence to the U.S. FPDM. Page and Shapiro’ research finding (1983) presents evidence that public opinion is often the most influential factor affecting policy, rather than policy affecting opinion.2





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2011-05-19 15:10:50
116.71 KB
47
Jenis-Jenis Komunikasi Pemasaran Lainnya





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2018-06-11 08:52:21
769.95 KB
53
Mengevaluasi Knowledge Management Universitas dengan COBIT5





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2019-03-28 14:49:42
933.77 KB
57
IT Professional Preparedness For Establishment of Smart City





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2019-03-28 14:43:59
600.21 KB
58
Implikasi Perilaku Pencarian Variasi Sebagai Perilaku Psikologis terhadap Aspek Manajerial





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2019-03-28 14:52:55
716.7 KB
65
OMMUNICATING CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ACTIVITIES TO PUBLIC: THE STUDY OF WEBSITE PUBLICATION OF INDONESIAN COMPANIES

Iin Mayasari

Universitas Paramadina Jakarta Indonesia
iin.mayasari@paramadina.ac.id or iin.mayasari@yahoo.com

Abstract

Purpose:The paper aims to evaluate the implementation of  stakeholder theory including the elements of environment,  community, employee, supplier and consumers in social activities of companies. The evaluation of corporate social responsibilties can be traced from the reporting activities on companies’website. Methodology:A content analysis of companies that listed in LQ45 and some other companies that publish their corporate social activites on website. There are fifteen industries and 101 companies. The  industries are Mining & Energy,Telecommunication & Service, Food & Beverage, Construction, Automotive, Banking, Insurance, Pharmaceutical, Non-Cyclical Consumer Goods, Transportation,  Broadcasting, Materials, Industrials, Natural Gas, Real Estate. Findings: The percentage of corporate social responsibility activity of mining and energy industry on environment was 16,90%. It was the highest percentage of corporate social responsibility on environment. The magnitude and propotion of corporate social responsibilities that  reported on the website is relatively unequal. The highest proportion lies in environment, community, and consumer. The least proportion lies in supplier. Originality/Value: The literature on social  responsibility drives the growth of internet tools to promote social business activities. The importance lies in the spreading information of business activities in order the public recognizes what the  companies are doing and have accomplished.The website can describe the communication as the e-reputation. The corporate website is used to attain the interest of stakeholders. It is the tool of marketing communication to convey corporate social responsibility message and enhance brand equity. The information disclosure provides public with the activities regarding stakeholder perspectives including  environment, society, supplier, consumers.

Keyword: corporate social responbility, and corporate social responsibility reporting, website publication of corporate social responsibility





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2011-11-04 05:48:41
188.97 KB
68
Interpreting Recent Jakarta Gubernatorial Contest: Mobilizing Islam for Winning Local Election





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2019-01-23 16:16:36
851.87 KB
69
Public Relation





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2018-06-11 08:49:50
823.76 KB
70
Effectiveness of Sensory Integration Therapy for Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).





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2018-07-31 11:58:47
549 KB
70
Stereotipe Perempuan dalam Media dan Keluarga





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2018-06-11 08:58:32
1.04 MB
71
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